Thursday, 9 May 2013

Literary Devices - Flash Cards

Good morning Y11,

today I am asking you to ensure that you have revised all the key features you need to in order to analyse in poetry and Writers Voice exam.

Below are a number of literary terms.  Create flash cards for all the key terms you see here.  One side of the revision card has the key term on  it and the other has the definition.  You can do this on simple card or there is an online tool where you can create these electronically, it also has an app you can download on your phone so you can access the flash cards anywhere.

Below are some key terms top get you started but there are many more you could include.  You can also look here to get some more.  These terms also apply your analysis of the poems, the Of Mice and Men extracts and you can employ them in your own writing in section B of the Writers Voice exam.  Three birds with one stone!

Poetry Key terms:

The repetition of the same consonant sounds at any place, but often at the beginning of words. Some famous examples of alliteration are tongue twisters such as ‘She sells seashells by the seashore’ and ‘Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers’.

The repetition or a pattern of (the same) vowel sounds, usually in the middle of a word, such as
suppose and roses.

In a poem, a pair of lines that are the same length and (usually) rhyme and form a complete thought. Shakespearean sonnets usually end in a couplet as does the Poem ‘Anne Hathaway’:
‘I hold him in the casket of my widow’s head
as he held me upon that next best bed.’

A line ending in which the sense continues, with no punctuation, into the following line or stanza.
”But in contentment I still feel
The need of some imperishable bliss.”

A figure of speech in which deliberate exaggeration is used for emphasis. Many everyday expressions are examples of hyperbole: tons of money, a flood of tears, dying of hunger (when you really just need a sandwich!) etc.

The use of pictures, figures of speech and description to evoke ideas feelings, objects actions, states of mind etc. Similes, metaphors and personification all create imagery.

A figure of speech in which a positive is stated by negating its opposite. Some examples of litotes:
no small victory, not a bad idea, not unhappy.

A figure of speech in which two things are compared, usually by saying one thing is another ‘the room was an oven’, or by substituting a more descriptive word for the more common or usual word that would be expected. Some examples of metaphors: the world’s a stage, he was a lion in battle, drowning in debt, and a sea of troubles.
It is probably the most important figure of speech to comment on in an essay.

A figure of speech in which two things are compared using the word “like” or “as.” ‘The room was as hot as an oven’

A figure of speech in which non-human things or abstract ideas are given human attributes:
the car coughed and spluttered, dead leaves danced in the wind, blind justice.
Nostalgia – A feeling of loss or longing for the past.

A figure of speech in which words are used to imitate sounds. Examples of onomatopoeic words are: buzz, hiss, zing, clippety-clop, cock-a-doodle-do, pop, splat, thump, tick-tock.
Another example of onomatopoeia is found in this line from Tennyson’s Come Down, O Maid:
“The moan of doves in immemorial elms,/And murmuring of innumerable bees”. The repeated “m/n” sounds reinforce the idea of “murmuring” by imitating the hum of insects on a warm summer day.

A phrase, line, or group of lines that is repeated throughout a poem, usually after every stanza.

The occurrence of the same or similar sounds at the end of two or more words.

A better word to refer to a verse in a poem.

The prominence or emphasis given to particular syllables. Stressed syllables usually stand out because they have long, rather than short, vowels, or because they have a different pitch or are louder than other syllables. A stressed syllable is the one you can say forcefully; it usually sounds very odd if you put emphasis on an unstressed syllable, so you can say FOOTball, but footBALL sounds weird. ‘Foot’ is the stressed syllable, ‘ball’ is the unstressed one.

When a word, phrase or image ‘stands for’ an idea or theme. The sun could symbolize life and energy or a red rose could symbolize romantic love.

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