Thursday, 15 November 2012

3. Spoken Language - Extract 1 - Free Talk

Listen to the audio clip below and follow the script on the screen. As you do so, make notes on what you notice. Remeber the key features you have made revision cards for.


Spoken Language:
Below are the key features of Spoken Language that you should be looking at when you are listening to the audio file below.  There are two extracts of spoken language that you will study and these are the extracts that you will be analysing in your Controlled Assessment on the 26th and 27th of November.  You have already made revision cards for these in class today.  Use these to complete this task.  Lewis and Declan do this at home before next lesson please! 

Some Key Features:
Back-channel features: words, phrases and non-verbal utterances [e.g. ‘I see’, ‘oh’, ‘uh huh’, ‘really’] used by a listener to give feedback to a speaker that the message is being followed and understood
Contraction: a reduced form often marked by an apostrophe in writing – e.g. can’t = cannot; she’ll = she will. See also ELISION
Deixis / deictics: words such as ‘this’, ‘that’, ‘here’, ‘there’ which refer backwards or forwards or outside a text – a sort of verbal pointing. Very much a context dependent feature of talk.
Dialect: the distinctive grammar and vocabulary which is associated with a regional or social use of a language.
Discourse markers: words and phrases which are used to signal the relationship and connections between utterances and to signpost that what is said can be followed by the listener or reader. E.g. ‘first’, ‘on the other hand’, ‘now’, ‘what’s more’, ‘so anyway’, etc.
Elision: the omission or slurring [eliding] of one or more sounds or syllables – e.g. gonna = going to; wannabe = want to be; wassup = what is up
Ellipsis: the omission of part of a grammatical structure. For example, in the dialogue: “You going to the party?” / “Might be.” – the verb ‘are’ and the pronoun ‘I’ are missed out. The resulting ellipsis conveys a more casual and informal tone.
False start: this is when the speaker begins an utterance, then stops and either repeats or reformulates it. Sometimes called selfcorrection. See also REPAIRS


Key Question:

What did you notice and what features were there in the extract?  Try to answer using PEE (Point Evidence Explain) technique if you can.  Remember your paragraphs should have a big bottom - little point, little evidence (Quote) and a big explination.  A Big bottom.  If you really can't do that the just write a comment about a feature you spotted from listening to the clip in the best way you can.

Comments at the ready...
 
 
 
 

54 comments:

  1. The conversation is between friends because the dialect is very casual. Also they have accents so they pronounce stuff differently.there is back-channel ,contraction , elision , ellipsis , filler.

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  2. This dialogue is an informal conversation between two teenagers. I can tell that these two boys are teenagers because of their dialect. There is also a use of contraction,ellipsis, back-channel and elision. These techniques are commonly used by teenagers.

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    1. Nice one Martine :)

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    2. Why do you think they are commonly used by teenagers Martine?

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    3. thats a great point martin!

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    4. I like your comment martin!

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    5. cheers Frey! :') and i think that they are commonly used by teenagers because as you said before, people tend to speak faster when they are with friends, so shortening words makes it easy to talk faster to them.

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  3. The dialect between these friends is very informal. Contraction, ellipsis, back-channel, elision and filler are used.

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    1. Why do you think they use an informal tone? What is the effect? How do they respond to one another?

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    2. how are the key features used throughout the conversation? much love lauren xoxo

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  4. They were so casual and informal around each other; they used dialect which a teenager wouldn't use in situations other than outside of a friendship situation. Their uses of contraction and elision show that they're comfortable around each other and the way they speak with one another, whereas if they were in a similar situation with a higher adult, you wouldn't expect to see ellipsis or back channeling.

    :)

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    1. Why do you think back channeling and ellipsis would not be appropriate in all situations?

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  5. In the clip, the people-in this context the Lancashire teenagers-have adapted their talk to suit their friendly dialect;that of the background and context;"can't be asked", "summat'" and "so anyway".The employment of contraction through the abbreviation of "cannot", to "can't" (be asked), it connotes a casual and subsequent informal mentality with regards to the friend's dialect.By using a discourse marker "so anyway", it implies that the teenagers' will change, possible due to a change in conversation (implied through the word "anyway").Elisions have been embedded to illustrate the omission of the word "something" to "summat, for example.Other techniques have been used to varaite the tone/formality of the talk; the formality change could be due to the teenagers' trying to implement their point of view without being percieved as "posh" or stuck up by their mates.

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    1. Well written response Michael. Do you think their point is any less meaningful because of the way it is expressed? Would this conversation be seen differently by different people in society?

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    2. Good one Michael!

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    3. Lewis V (BEST MC)20 November 2012 at 14:04

      very long reply from michael...

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  6. The speech in this conversation is informal because it is between friends and they use a certain dialect. They use fillers, false starts, ellipsis, elision and contraction.

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    1. What is the effect of these techniques Sophia?

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  7. the teenagers are speaking very casually to one another because they are obviously comfortable when they're with their friends so they don't have to worry about speaking properly. elision and filler are prominent features in the clip. the word 'like'is also used frequently.

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    1. Interesting that you picked up on the word 'like' what told does this play in the spoken language here? Why do the use it?

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    2. i think that the word 'like' is used by a lot of teenagers because it make things easier to explain.

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  8. The conversation between the teenagers is very informal as they feel comfortable around each other when they speak. They use dialect and elision a lot during this clip as they use specific slang and shortened words to suit the conversation.

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    1. Why do they shorten their words though Beth? Why do people use slang?

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  9. Contraction, false start and elision are continuously used in this conversation. Its a very casual conversation between a group of friends making it informal as they are clearly comfortable talking to each other and are not bothering about speaking correctly.

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    1. Can you find an example of contraction Leah? We need to use quotes in our essay.

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  10. There is an informal sense between the two teenagers as a casual conversation takes place. The two are comfortable with eachother meaning the natural dialect of each person is spoken; elision is used as specific shortened words are included in the conversation.

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    1. How do we know what our natural dialect is and how is it formed?

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  11. The speech between the friends is extremely informal unlike the speech they would have if speaking to their parents. They feel comfortable around eachother so can use slang and abbreviate words. Dialect, elision and filler are features most used in the clip.

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    1. Why do you think these particular techniques are used?

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  12. So impressed again! You lot should really start commenting on one another's comments? Can you extend, add to or question what others have said?

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  13. The conversation is very informal and casual between the teenagers. As they are friends, they are more comfortable with each other and therefore more confident when they talk. Ellipsis and Back Channel have been frequently used, which highlights how informal they are talking. As they are from Lancashire, it has also had an impact on their language as Dialect has been used unintentionally.

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    1. How is their confidence shown Mayuren?

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    2. Nice sentances

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  14. Lewis V (BEST MC)20 November 2012 at 14:02

    The conversation is very informal and casual between the teenagers. As they are friends, they are more comfortable with each other and therefore more confident when they talk. Ellipsis and Back Channel have been frequently used, which highlights how informal they are talking. As they are from Lancashire, it has also had an impact on their language as Dialect has been used unintentionally.

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    1. A well made point Lewis, but how is their confidence shown?

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  15. It seems they spend alot of time together and know each other well as they can finish each others sentences and understand what each other mean despite their informal language.

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  16. because its a group of friends talking the conversation was very formal and they felt comfortabe with eachother to have a laugh and joke. they used things like 'lol' which shows how informal it was, elision is used in the recording which is evidence of how casual they were.

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    1. I agree. Good identification of elision in the recording.

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  17. Charlotte and Eden20 November 2012 at 14:08

    In the clip they are Lancashire teenagers and they have adapted their talk to suit their friendly dialect when one of them says "can't be asked" OR "summat",the background and tone of their voice shows that thy are speaking informally and to people they feel comfortable with.


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  18. during the extract the teenagers are talking casually and they seem comfortable with each other which shows when the talk. The effects used in the conversation ar back-channel ,contraction , elision , ellipsis , filler.

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  19. The conversation is very informal, using Elllipsis and Back Bhannels, as well as Elisions to change wirds to suit the conversation. The topic of the conversation is jovial and between friends, meaning the language and tone of voice used mirrors the topic of conversation

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  20. The conversation is between a group of teenagers and you can clearly see they are friends by the dialect language used between them tells us they are comfortable with eachother. They also use slang and shortening words like "wanna" "nowt" because it is very informal.

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  21. this conversation is between a group of friends,as they are together you can tell they become more loud and more comfortable with each other and end up finishing each other sentences including a lot of flowing conversations.it uses alot of elsion and back-channel features.

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    1. I agree, great work Megan xoxo

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    2. thank you Emily glad you agree;)xoxo

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    3. where, in the conversation are these features used? How does this help you to understand their relationship?

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  22. From this clip you can learn that that participants are familiar and comfortable with each other. This is due to the use of informal language features such as elipses and ellison but also the topic of their conversation. They appear to be talking about topics common to teenagers such as revision and what they're going to do over the weekend.

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    1. Very nice Asha. Do you think that it's easier for you, as a teenager, to identify the topic of the conversation?

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  23. The friends obviously feel very comfortable around eachother and therefore arent using very formal language. They replace words for a shorter, easier version of them like owt = anything or summat = something. This is probably done to save time. Dialect is also used quite a lot in this extract for similiar reasons, also highlighting the informal sense of the conversation.

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